Egyptian Aak 2015 – Week 22 ( May 25 – 31) | Nervana

Dr Nervana Mahmoud @Nervana_1 Recognized expert on Egypt MENA Islam Israel Palestine Maghreb Turkey & Iran

Mark Geoffrey Kirshner

Egyptian Aak 2015 – Week 22 ( May 25 – 31) | Nervana.

Egyptian Aak 2015 – Week 22 ( May 25 – 31)


1 Vote

Mahinour Al-Masry

( Imprisoned, activist Mahinour Al-Masry- via El-Masry Al-Youm)

Top Headlines

  • After 489 days on hunger strike in prison,‪ Soltan gives up Egyptian citizenship, deported to US. (Saturday)
  • Egyptian activist Mahinour El-Masry sentenced to 15 months in prison (Sunday)
  • Rift deepens in Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood after failed soft coup. (Report)

 Main Headlines


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Egyptian Aak 2015 – Week 22 ( May 25 – 31) | Nervana

Egyptian Aak 2015 – Week 22 ( May 25 – 31) | Nervana.


Egyptian Aak 2015 – Week 22 ( May 25 – 31)


1 Vote

Mahinour Al-Masry

( Imprisoned, activist Mahinour Al-Masry- via El-Masry Al-Youm)

Top Headlines

  • After 489 days on hunger strike in prison,‪ Soltan gives up Egyptian citizenship, deported to US. (Saturday)
  • Egyptian activist Mahinour El-Masry sentenced to 15 months in prison (Sunday)
  • Rift deepens in Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood after failed soft coup. (Report)

 Main Headlines








 Good Reports

 Good read

Photo Gallery


Finally here are Jayson Casper’s prayers for Egypt

About nervana111

Doctor, blogger and Commentator on Middle East issues

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10 Innovative Writers Who Are Shaking Up The Book World

10 Innovative Writers Who Are Shaking Up The Book World.


t’s common for a writer to be hailed as revolutionary by a contemporary, a publisher, a reviewer or a peer — so common, in fact, that it’s tough to distinguish new gems from old tropes. And while “new” shouldn’t be the standard when judging whether a book is valuable or exciting, it’s worth noticing when an author challenges conventions, possibly enough to introduce new modes of storytelling.

Merritt Tierce, for example, writes about the South, but she’s no Flannery O’Connor. She’s one of few writers rethinking how we depict the region, as it becomes more complex than the otherworldly, closed-off underbelly it’s been characterized as. Outside the realm of fiction, there are those continuing the inevitable fusion of memoir and fact-laden reporting; Eula Biss and Maggie Nelson have lead the charge recently, with their respective personal stories peppered with data and historical context.

Regardless of your genre of choice, The Huffington Post recommends several writers if you’re looking to shake up your reading routine.

nell zink

Nell Zink
She published her first book after 50, working boldly and admirably against the notion that being a good writer means being endowed with a sort of inherited genius that’s fostered from grade school onward. Rather than working her way through the ranks of MFA programs, she’s led a fascinating life as an activist and longtime expat — earning the attention of none other than Jonathan Franzen with an impassioned letter she wrote to him. If nothing else, Zink’s got guts. 
Read our interview with Nell Zink

merritt tierce

Merritt Tierce
Tierce is a National Book Foundation “5 Under 35” honoree, and with good reason. Her novel, Love Me Back, is a painfully gritty story about a waitress working in Dallas, whose life is quickly spiraling. Tierce manages to circumvent the stereotypes so often succumbed to when writing about the South — eerie, Gothic isolation and otherness — and instead creates a unsentimental, exciting work.

amelia gray

Amelia Gray
Gray comes from the world of flash fiction — that is, stories that are fewer than 1,000 words long — so she knows a thing or two about crafting a very short, yet deeply emotive scene. She manages to fit violence, humor, discomfort, gripping plot, and human connection all within very short, elliptical stories. Of the handful of women breaking boundaries by writing about themes and moods once reserved for men, she’s the boldest. 
Read our review of Gutshot

roxane gay

Roxane Gay
She may be a proud feminist, but her writing bears little resemblance to Sheryl Sandberg’s. You’ve probably heard of Gay’s essay collection, Bad Feminist, which is a welcome addition to the chorus of voices, at least as commentary that’s blunt, honest and that offers an alternative to leaning in. Gay fuses her thoughts with observations on literature — as a fiction writer herself, she’s more than capable of doing so eloquently.

eula biss

Eula Biss
Unlike most writing out there about anti-vaxxers, Biss’s On Immunitydoesn’t just wag a finger at those against vaccinations — although she does cite studies and historical tidbits that clearly refute their claims. By telling her own story of motherhood, she attempts to understand exactly why a person would fight against a medically beneficial choice, and in doing so builds a story that’s part memoir, part research and completely fresh. 
Read our review of On Immunity

maggie nelson

Maggie Nelson
Like Biss, Nelson (who’s not-so-coincidentally published by the same press) completely subverts the conventions of memoir to create a story that frames theory through the lens of her personal life. Nelson’s personal life involves the birth and rearing of her son, Iggy, and her romantic relationship with an artist, Harry Dodge, who identifies as fluidly gendered. In relating how they fell in love, she confronts her tendency to believe that language can sufficiently describe a person, a relationship, a feeling. She takes the reader to art exhibits, and to the room where she delivered her son. 
Read our review of The Argonauts

dave eggers

Dave Eggers
Love him or hate him, Dave Eggers continues to make waves in the book world. His books themselves might experiment with different ways to tell a story, but it’s the work he’s doing outside of his own writing that’s made the biggest difference. Yes, he edits McSweeney’s, which recently made the notable choice to change its status to nonprofit, but he also founded 826 National, a creative writing tutoring center.

patricia lockwood

Patricia Lockwood
The tradition that poetry should be revered as a quiet meditation on the truth and beauty of life is not quite what Patricia Lockwood’s work is all about. She has more than 50,000 Twitter followers, and creates hilarious memes about “gentlemanly colognes.” Her work is loud, too — The New Yorker even calls it “crowd-pleasing.” But she’s not silly or gratuitously bombastic; her shouted words carry a message, and pave the way for other poets to use their language to do the same. 
Read Patricia Lockwood’s hilarious take on the future of poetry

jeff vandermeer

Jeff VanderMeer
VanderMeer’s Southern Reach trilogy was released under what publishers call the Netflix model — all three books came out in one year, a few months apart, allowing readers to engage in so-called binge-reading rather than waiting years for the story to conclude (ahem, we’re looking at you, George R.R. Martin). It’s helpful that the story is driven more by its characters and the perplexing thought experiments it introduces than by its events — another innovative approach to science fiction.
Read our review of the Southern Reach trilogy

teju cole

Teju Cole
Teju Cole’s somewhat of a modern-day flâneur, but he’s comfortable moving at a faster-than-leisurely pace too. His novel Open City involved a man reflecting on more philosophical questions while strolling around New York, and his even more compelling Every Day is for the Thief imbued daily observations of his home country with literary history and the writer’s own abstract, atmospheric photos. Though he’s at his best when quietly reflecting, he’s pithy on Twitter, constructing both stories and arguments on the platform. 
Read our review of Every Day is for the Thief

UNTITLED, Poetry by Michèle Gautard

WILDsound Writing and Film Festival Review

by Michèle Gautard

Is like blank words

A speaking silence
A mute dancing step
Rain behind a windowpane

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* * * * *
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Deadline for POETRY Festival – Get your poem made into a MOVIE and seen by 1000s. Three options to submit:

WATCH this month’s poetry readings performed by professional actors:

Watch Recent Poetry Readings:

Watch Previous Poems turned into movies:

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The Nag Hammadi Codices and Gnostic Christianity – Biblical Archaeology Society

The Nag Hammadi Codices and Gnostic Christianity – Biblical Archaeology Society.

The Nag Hammadi Codices and Gnostic Christianity

How the Nag Hammadi texts discovered in Egypt reintroduced the world to Gnostic Christianity

This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in March 2011. It has been updated.—Ed.

Until the discovery of the Nag Hammadi codices in 1945, the Gnostic view of early Christianity had largely been forgotten. The teachings of Gnostic Christianity—vilified especially since they were declared heretic by orthodox Christianity in the fourth century—had been virtually erased from history by the early church fathers, their gospels banned and even burned to make room for the view of Christian theology outlined in the canonical Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.

But when two peasants discovered the Nag Hammadi texts, a 13-volume library of Coptic texts hidden beneath a large boulder near the town of Nag Hammadi in upper Egypt, the world was reintroduced to this long-forgotten and much-maligned branch of early Christian thought, Gnostic Christianity, from the Greek word gnosis, “knowledge.” The Nag Hammadi codices are 13 leather-bound volumes dated to the mid-fourth century that contain an unprecedented collection of more than 50 texts, including some that had been composed as early as the second century.

Our free eBook Ten Top Biblical Archaeology Discoveries brings together the exciting worlds of archaeology and the Bible! Learn the fascinating insights gained from artifacts and ruins, like the Pool of Siloam in Jerusalem, where the Gospel of John says Jesus miraculously restored the sight of the blind man, and the Tel Dan inscription—the first historical evidence of King David outside the Bible.

Once the Nag Hammadi codices had been translated and published by a team of scholars led by Claremont Graduate University’s James M. Robinson, the documents showed that Gnostic Christianity was not the depraved cult described by orthodox Christian writers but rather a legitimate religious movement that offered an alternate testament to Jesus’ life and teachings.

The Nag Hammadi texts, which represent a range of attitudes and beliefs in Gnostic Christianity and include everything from competing gospels to apocalyptic revelations, all assert the primacy of spiritual and intellectual knowledge over physical action and material well-being. The Apocryphon of John, for example, is the most important tractate of classic Sethian Gnosticism. In it the risen Jesus reveals to John, son of Zebedee, the truth of creation.

According to this Gnostic myth, the God of the Hebrew Bible is actually a corrupted lower deity. Only through the intervention of Sophia (Wisdom) can gnosis be revealed and salvation attained. Thus, while adherents of Gnostic Christianity certainly acknowledged the role of Jesus in their faith, their theology placed greater significance on the intellectual revelation of his message than on his crucifixion and resurrection.

Also among the Nag Hammadi texts was the fully preserved Gospel of Thomas, which does not follow the canonical Gospels in telling the story of Jesus’ birth, life, crucifixion and resurrection, but rather presents the reader with an early collection of Jesus’ sayings. Although this mystical text was originally believed to one of the early texts of Gnosticism, it now seems to reveal yet another strand of early Christianity.

From a historical perspective, the Nag Hammadi codices provide a clearer picture of the diverse theological and philosophical currents that found expression through early Christianity. Indeed, Gnosticism and its classically inspired philosophical ideals permeated not just early Christian thought but also the Jewish and pagan traditions from which Christianity arose. The Nag Hammadi codices, widely regarded as one of the most significant finds of the 20th century, revealed this complex religious milieu and offered an unparalleled glimpse into alternative visions of early Christianity.

Based on “Issue 200: Ten Top Discoveries,” Biblical Archaeology Review, July/August September/October 2009.

The apocryphal Acts of John describe the dance of Jesus and the apostles. How widespread was the ritual of dance in Christian worship? Read “Jesus as Lord of the Dance: From early Christianity to medieval Nubia” in Bible History Daily.

Posted in Artifacts and the BibleBiblical ArtifactsPost-Biblical Period.

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  1. Bill says

    Thax and bless u

  2. Michael says

    There were 12 books in the jar, not 13. The so-called “Codex XIII” is a single tractate torn from a codex before the jar was packed, and placed inside Codex VI. Unfortunately, because it was decided to call this single text a codex, even those who know better sometimes don’t bother to correct this inaccuracy. Those who packed the jar would probably be appalled, since they evidently went to some pains to insure that the jar contained the goodly number of 12 books.

  3. George says

    A partial article in favor of Gnostic Christianity. How can some people consider more authentic t codices have been written <> and <> than books of Mathew, Mark, Luke and John an the other books of New Testament? The book of Mathew has been written 50 A.D.,
    the book of Mark has been written around 45 A.D,
    the book of Luke has been written 63 A.D., and
    John’s has been written around 85-90 A.D..

    From where in the Holy Bible did author’s article conclude that Christianity arose from <>? In the contrary Gnostic Christianity has influenced from pagan’s philosophy. This is so pure as much as crystal.

  4. colette says

    Thank you.

  5. Johnny says

    Biased article seemingly advancing moral relativism. “not the depraved cult described by orthodox Christian writers but rather a legitimate religious movement that offered an alternate testament to Jesus’ life and teachings.” Completely neglecting the historical context of the time.

  6. John says

    Regarding Gnosticism’s “classically inspired philosophical ideals,” the canonical position clearly warns against such syncretism. “See to it that no one takes you captive by philosophy and empty deceit, according to human tradition, according to the elemental spirits of the world, and not according to Christ” (Colossians 2:8 ESV).

    Regarding this article’s claim to Christianity rising in part out of paganism, read Dr. Bruce Metzger’s refutation of the pagan parallels theory as well as Dr. James White’s video blog treating the same subject in a more contemporary manifestation of it.

  7. Paula says

    Thank you for making your stance on biblical theology crystal clear to me. I now know that I’ll not be wasting my time reading comments or opinions from those who would cherish gnostic views above canonized scripture. Especially when gnostic views were known at the time the accepted epistles were written, and exposed as erroneous.

  8. Kirk says

    There were 52 to begin with. Only after these 2 ‘peasants’ burned 39 of them did they realize they might be worth something.

Continuing the Discussion

  1. Nag Hammadi Codices | Biblical Archeology linked to this post on March 18, 2012

    […] See the full article at: Nag Hammadi Codices […]

  2. Some notes on the bindings of ancient codices at Roger Pearse linked to this poston January 2, 2014

    […] in 1946 gave us a clear idea of what the ancient books of the early 4th century looked like (via here).  These were still single quire papyrus codices. The Nag Hammadi […]

  3. Bible Secrets Revealed, Episode 3: “The Forbidden Scriptures” | When Was Jesus Born? New information is shocking!linked to this post on February 4, 2014

    […] Antioch: Mapping Political and Trade Networks with Google Earth. Read more … » article “The Nag Hammadi Codices and Gnostic Christianity.” “The Forbidden Scriptures” Act 3: The Figure of Mary MagdaleneIn Act 3, the documentary […]

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