Crimmins and Yasuhito Saito estimated that the difference in life expectancy at age 30 between persons with 13 or more years of schooling and those with less than nine years was 6. Globally the number of children living with HIV peaked in at approximately 2. Sexual transmission can be prevented through condom use both in heterosexual and homosexual relationships. Poor water, sanitation and hygiene conditions are associated with increased incidence of waterborne diseases, particularly diarrhea; crowding is associated with increased incidence of pneumonia, measles and other airborne infections; indoor pollution increases the risk of respiratory conditions; and vector density affects many diseases, particularly malaria. The mortality of men in manual occupations was higher than that of men in nonmanual occupations in all those countries. Double burden of iron deficiency in infancy and low socioeconomic status: a longitudinal analysis of cognitive test scores to age 19 years.
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HIV / AIDS - Our World in Data
Countdown to tracking intervention coverage for child survival. The literature also shows direct associations between adequate water and sanitation with socioeconomic indicators such as maternal education 28 and family income. Regarding the choice of health care providers, a survey in Bangladesh showed that children from wealthy families are substantially more likely to be brought to a medical doctor when suffering from diarrhea, while poorer children were often taken to unqualified practitioners. Several indicators, such as occupational class, level of education, and income, have been used in studies of socioeconomic differentials in mortality.
HIV / AIDS
London: Earthscan; Whitehead M, Dahlgren G. Case and Deaton compared mortality rates among all Hispanics aged years to this aged-matched group of working-class Whites.
The results from the Case and Deaton studies received substantial media attention and widespread popular consumption, with two main criticisms emerging. Intermittent presumptive treatment of malaria during pregnancy is effective in reducing low birth weight. Commentary Ethn Dis. In Portugal mortality rates were higher in the nonmanual classes than in the manual classes. Age-aggregation bias in mortality trends. See next asian massage vedios