#Helen4SG John Key pumps up Helen Clark in United Nations speech | Politics | Newshub

Mr Key bluntly told the UN, known for its inaction, that Helen Clark “gets things done” in his wide-ranging speech to the General Assembly.

Source: John Key pumps up Helen Clark in United Nations speech | Politics | Newshub

John Key has talked up Helen Clark in his speech to the United Nations General Assembly, saying only she can keep it relevant – a major swipe at the other candidates and countries.

Mr Key bluntly told the UN, known for its inaction, that “she gets things done”.

“This is not the time for a business as usual appointment for Secretary-General. We need someone who is up to the job,” Mr Key said.

“The next Secretary-General must have the courage, experience and skills necessary to lead this Organisation, to keep it relevant and responsive.”

Mr Key’s decision to use Ms Clark in his speech elevates the New Zealand campaign for her to be Secretary-General to another level.

His comments are also a swipe at current Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

“I’ve worked across the political divide from Helen Clark for years and I know her to be a natural leader,” Mr Key said.

“She rallies people together to find the common ground, even when the issues are difficult and the differences vast.

“She gets things done. We think it’s time for a Secretary-General like Helen Clark.”

Security Council fails Syria

Mr Key says the United Nations Security Council has failed Syria.

“We have also been deeply troubled to see the Council, the pre-eminent body for international peace and security, fail to live up to its responsibilities on the most serious crisis of our time. Syria.

“Here the Council has fallen short,” he said.

“The internal politics within the Council and the sheer complexity of the Syria crisis have obstructed a unified Council response.

“But we believe that no matter how difficult and sensitive the issues, the Council cannot watch the situation go from bad to worse for the Syrian people.

“The Security Council was established to address crises like that which we see in Syria.

“That is why New Zealand is using our Presidency of the Council to convene a leaders’ level meeting tomorrow on Syria.

“A meeting by itself won’t stop the conflict. But after more than five years of brutal fighting, and horrific humanitarian suffering, we do not think it is credible for Leaders to come to New York and not address the stark realities driving the conflict.”

“We hope tomorrow’s meeting will provide an opportunity for Council Leaders to take stock of developments, examine the fundamental issues at the heart of the conflict, and discuss how we can move towards a sustainable political solution.

“We also hope the meeting will be a chance for the Council to put its weight behind the ceasefire agreement reached between the United States and Russia.

“That agreement is the best chance we have had in some time to stop the fighting, get aid to those who need it, and get back on track for a political resolution to the crisis.”

Key speaks out against protectionism

Mr Key also took the fight to trade protectionism of the kind put forward by Donald Trump, or Brexit.

“Borders are closing to people and products, to investment, to ideas. Many states are turning inwards.”

“The politics of fear and extremism are gaining ground. Too many states are flouting the rules.”

“We must guard against creeping protectionism, and be willing to make the case for more economic engagement clearly.

“We cannot turn inwards,” he said.

“We can’t allow fear, or narrow domestic interests turn us away from an open global trading system, which has lifted millions out of poverty.”

North Korea ‘a pressing threat’

John Key made special mention of the danger of North Korea and its Nuclear weapons.

“Another critical issue on which New Zealand supports unified Council action, is the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

“New Zealand believes that a strong international response is required to the DPRK nuclear test on the 9th of September, and its recent missile tests.

“The regime’s efforts to advance its nuclear and missile programmes; its callous disregard for the North Korean people – as demonstrated by the dire human rights situation in the country; and its leader’s unpredictably ruthless rule have made it one of our most pressing international security threats.

“Its provocative actions show blatant disregard for Security Council resolutions and pose a grave threat to the international law.

“They have raised tensions on the Korean peninsula to a point where the risk of conflict is dangerously high. We cannot afford further escalation.

“So New Zealand welcomes recent steps by the US and China to begin negotiating a new Security Council Resolution, following the DPRK’s recent nuclear test.

“We hope that this will send a clear signal to the North Korean leadership that continued provocative and dangerous actions are unacceptable; and that a return to the negotiating table represents the only sensible way forward.”

Trans-Pacific Partnership ‘will bring us closer together’

“We need it to find common ground that overcomes vested national interests, and agree to new international trade commitments that benefit all countries.

“In the Asia Pacific region, closer economic integration through trade agreements like the Trans Pacific Partnership and Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership will also bring us closer together.

“Agreements like these will make our region and people better off by setting the conditions for more open and transparent trade.”

Newshub.

@HelenClarkUNDP: Keynote Strengthening Rule of Law 2 Sustain Peace & Foster Development – Lessons Learned…| UNDP

UNDP’s Annual Meeting on Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Contexts – New York, USA

Source: Helen Clark: Keynote Address on “Strengthening the Rule of Law to Sustain Peace and Foster Development – Lessons Learned from Eight Years of Support” | UNDP

 

I am delighted to welcome you to this Annual Meeting on Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-affected and Fragile Contexts.

Allow me to begin by acknowledging members of our high-level panel this morning:

•    Her Excellency, Ambassador Lana Nusseibeh, Permanent Representative of the United Arab Emirates to the United Nations will chair our panel for this session. Ambassador Nusseibeh has been active in promoting the rule of law and transitional justice within the UN system, and has highlighted in particular the challenges women face in accessing justice and participating in the formulation and implementation of the rule of law. We are most grateful for Ambassador Nusseibeh’s support.

•    Her Excellency, Sanogo Aminata Malle, Minister of Justice, Human Rights, and Guardian of Seals  in Mali. As the former President of the ECOWAS Community Court, Minister Mallé has provided remarkable leadership on the rule of law. Since taking office as a Minister in 2015, Mme Mallé has continued to support work on the rule of law and access to justice in Mali, and we look forward to hearing more about this today.

•    Her Excellency Thelma Esperanza Aldana Hernández de López, Attorney-General of Guatemala, has been a courageous and unwavering advocate for the rule of law, transparency, and justice in her country. We thank the Attorney-General for taking the time to share her experiences with us today.

•    Advocate Mabedle Lawrence Mushwana, Chairperson of the South African Human Rights Commission, is here representing the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions.  As the Global Alliance’s former Chair, he is a key promoter of the work of national human rights institutions globally .

UNDP looks forward to this annual rule of law meeting each year as an opportunity to discuss the results of its work with partners. Over the course of this week’s events, we will engage on access to justice and SDG 16, and on addressing obstacles to establishing the rule of law.

Today marks the official launch of the annual report on our Global Programme for Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations. In the preface of that report, I wrote that: “We have learned from the United Nations Charter that the rule of law and human rights form the essential conditions for human dignity and therefore for human development”. This insight underpins UNDP’s work to support countries to strengthen the rule of law.

In my speech this morning, I will refer to the global trends and policy discussions which are guiding our work. I will comment on the critical importance of partnerships in the UN system’s work on the rule of law. For example, the collaboration between UNDP, DPKO, UN Women, OHCHR, UNODC and others through the Global Focal Point arrangement ensures that our efforts are complementary and not competitive.

As the second phase of our Global Programme for Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations concluded at the end of last year, I will also share some examples of the impact our efforts have had on strengthening the rule of law, justice, and security in those contexts.

Global trends – the SDGs and Goal 16, peace reviews, and conflict

Since our annual meeting last year the 2030 Agenda has been adopted, providing a comprehensive global framework for advancing sustainable development in the face of the complex challenges our world faces. In adopting this agenda, Member States acknowledged that access to justice was an important element of sustainable development.

SDG 16 commits Member States to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels”. A specific target is dedicated to promoting the rule of law, which is seen as an essential condition for building peaceful and inclusive societies.

A number of developments around our world are undermining the rule of law and human development.  These include:

–    protracted conflicts and fragility more broadly which are estimated to affect the lives of roughly 1.5 billion people. UNHCR estimates that more than 65 million people are currently forcibly displaced from their homes – the highest number since the end of World War Two.  Conflicts are the cause of an estimated eighty per cent of all humanitarian needs.  The gap between those needs and the international community’s capacity to respond is widening;

–    growing income inequalities, which impose strains on social cohesion. If left unaddressed, these pressures can pose risks to peace and development in a number of contexts. As well, persistent inequality and marginalization continue to affect women, youth, and other groups in a range of societies; and

–    the menace of organized crime, sexual and gender-based violence, terrorism, and violent extremism continue to blight the lives of many.

Strong and accountable institutions anchored in the rule of law are needed to uphold people’s rights and hold perpetrators of violence and injustice to account. Establishing such institutions is an essential part of peacebuilding after a conflict has ended, and is also highly relevant to the prevention of conflict.  In many contexts, disregard for the rule of law is a ticking time bomb for instability, unrest, and conflict.

In April this year, the UN Security Council and the General Assembly adopted far-reaching resolutions on peacebuilding and on the prevention of conflict.  These resolutions embrace the concept of “sustaining peace”, and urge that peacebuilding should not be limited to the post-conflict period. They note that the root causes of conflict and violence need to be addressed comprehensively. Accounting for serious human rights violations and tackling impunity are critical to that.

UNDP leads joint system delivery on rule of law and human rights

Advancing the rule of law and sustaining peace is most likely to be achieved when national, international, and UN partners work closely together. The Global Focal Point (GFP) for the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict and other Crisis Situations, established in 2012, enables the UN system itself to deliver joined-up support.

Following the Secretary-General’s call for more flexible use of peacekeeping missions’ budgets to support peacebuilding, the Global Focal Point requested funds for five peacekeeping missions  to support multi-agency rule of law activities which were considered essential for delivering on Security Council mandates.  The good news is that these five projects have recently secured the support of the Fifth Committee, and around $13 million will be made available for this important work to be carried out by UN Country Teams and Missions.

The GFP arrangement also stands ready to support  the Secretary-General’s Human Rights Up Front initiative, which focuses the UN system on the prevention of conflict by identifying and responding to early signs of crisis.

An important source of resourcing for UNDP’s rule of law work in conflict-affected and fragile contexts is the Peacebuilding Fund. In Guatemala, for example, the Fund has supported us to work with victims of conflict and with justice institutions for a number of years. We will hear more about Guatemala’s efforts to address the issues of sexual and gender-based violence today. The recent landmark court decision on the “Sepur Zarco” case, where former members of the security forces were convicted for committing systematic sexual violence against indigenous women,  gives hope that by empowering victims and supporting institutions justice will be done.

Elsewhere:

•    UNDP’s rule of law expertise is supporting the establishment of transitional justice measures in Libya.
•    We work closely with SRSG Bangura’s Team of Experts on Sexual Violence in Conflict in a number of countries, including DRC, Mali, and CAR.
•    We provide technical support to the work of the Special Rapporteur to the Human Rights Council on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation, and Guarantees of Non-Recurrence.

The impact of our work

UNDP supports national partners to strengthen the rule of law – including in the most difficult development contexts where people’s needs for safety, security, and justice are urgent. By supporting better access to justice through the use of mobile courts, community-oriented policing, partnering with governments on comprehensive justice and security sector reform, and building the capacity of national counterparts to carry out their mandates, UNDP joins the dots between development and peacebuilding.

In this year’s annual report on our rule of law work in crisis-affected and fragile contexts, we look back over the previous eight years to assess our impact, identify lessons learned, and chart a path forward. Some highlights of our work have included the following:

•    In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a key long term UNDP objective was to help consolidate and reform the legal aid system. As a first step, we worked with civil society to set up a network of free legal aid providers as an interim measure until a state-sponsored system could be adopted.  Currently the network consists of around twenty providers, and an estimated 22,000 clients received legal aid last year alone. The network has been successful in empowering victims of conflict to engage with the legal system, and in mobilizing the general public to come to terms with the legacy of past violence.

•    In Central African Republic, UNDP worked closely with the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) to hold the 2015 Criminal Sessions — the first to be held in the country since 2010. These sessions were said to be among the most efficient and effective justice processes in the country’s recent history.

We also worked with stakeholders to support the development of a shared vision for the establishment of the Special Criminal Court in CAR. This set the stage for the application of new judicial procedures across the justice system. Our national partners in CAR are well on their way to reforming the justice system overall, and UNDP is proud to be supporting their efforts.

•    In Colombia, UNDP supported sixty victims of the long-running conflict to testify before peace negotiators in Havana. Those who testified included women, indigenous peoples, and Afro-descendants who were survivors of sexual violence during the conflict. Since then, UNDP has assisted more than 1,500 people from 936 victim organizations in 22 territories to form a victims’ network to advocate for victims’ needs and participation in the justice system.

•    In Liberia, UNDP has helped to increase women’s and girls’ awareness of and access to the justice system. Together with UNMIL and UN Women, we have been supporting a Women’s and Child Protection Unit in the police force for many years. In 2009, we supported the establishment of a specialized court  and of a crimes unit in the Ministry of Justice to investigate and prosecute sexual and gender-based crimes. These efforts have helped to tackle a culture of impunity for sexual and gender-based crimes, and to align institutions with international standards.

•    In Somalia, UNDP has supported measures to bridge the informal and formal justice systems. In a pilot scheme in Puntland, UNDP trained forty judges, prosecutors, and legal aid providers last year on how to incorporate aspects of informal justice mechanisms in the formal justice framework. UNDP also provided training to traditional elders on human rights, and on how to register cases in the formal justice system. 672 cases were heard and resolved by customary elders from October to December last year, including cases on family disputes, minor injuries, and land disagreements.

•    In Timor-Leste, UNDP supported the establishment of the Legal Training Centre to train judges, prosecutors, public defenders, and other justice officials, so that they could take over from international experts and specialists. Over the years, more than 150 people have been trained and certified. We commend Timor-Leste for its strong commitment to this work, and encourage the country to sustain and build on it.

•    In Tunisia, UNDP supported the Ministry of the Interior to lead a change in policing away from a repressive model to one centered on public service and respect for citizens’ rights. Together UNDP and the Ministry have established six community policing pilot programmes. UNDP also supported the creation of local security committees to bring together civil society, local authorities, and national police representatives to discuss security issues.

From our work in these countries and in other crisis-affected and fragile contexts, UNDP has drawn the following lessons:

•    placing people at the center of justice and security reforms and working towards the goals of national partners are crucial for successfully establishing the rule of law and access to justice;

•    guaranteeing victims’ participation in transitional justice from the design phase to implementation is vital for ensuring that amends are made for past abuses and for building the conditions for reconciliation;

•    building links between formal and informal justice systems widens access to justice; and

•    concrete national commitments backed by strong political will are vital for building trust between people and the state and upholding the rule of law.

Conclusion

UNDP looks forward to the next chapter of its rule of law work through its Global Programme for Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations. We will continue to focus our efforts strategically – by placing people’s needs at the center of our work, by strengthening institutions to promote and protect access to justice, and by working to create supportive environments for the rule of law. From years of experience we have learned that each of these components is vital, and that success is more likely if we work on them collaboratively with partners rather than in isolation. This helps ensure our programmes have the greatest impact, and helps lay the foundations for sustainable peace in fragile and conflict-affected contexts.

Biography – Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator #She4SG #Helen4SG #NextSG the next UN Secretary-General 

img_01041img_0106311

Source: Biography – Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator   Helen Clark Biography of the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme Helen Clark became the Administrator of the U…

Source: Biography – Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator

Biography of the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme

Helen Clark became the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme on 17 April 2009, and is the first woman to lead the organization. She is also the Chair of the United Nations Development Group, a committee consisting of the heads of all UN funds, programmes and departments working on development issues.

Prior to her appointment with UNDP, Helen Clark served for nine years as Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving three successive terms from 1999 – 2008. Throughout her tenure as Prime Minister, Helen Clark engaged widely in policy development and advocacy across the international, economic, social and cultural spheres. Under her leadership, New Zealand achieved significant economic growth, low levels of unemployment, and high levels of investment in education and health, and in the well-being of families and older citizens. She and her government prioritized reconciliation and the settlement of historical grievances with New Zealand’s indigenous people and the development of an inclusive multicultural and multi-faith society.

Helen Clark advocated strongly for New Zealand’s comprehensive programme on sustainability and for tackling the problems of climate change. Her objectives have been to establish New Zealand as being among the world’s leading nations in dealing with these challenges. Helen Clark was also an active leader of her country’s foreign relations and policies, engaging in a wide range of international issues. As Prime Minister, Helen Clark was a member of the Council of Women World Leaders, an international network of current and former women presidents and prime ministers whose mission is to mobilize the highest-level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of critical importance to women and equitable development.

Helen Clark held ministerial responsibility during her nine years as Prime Minister for New Zealand’s intelligence agencies and for the portfolio of arts, culture and heritage. She has seen the promotion of this latter portfolio as important in expressing the unique identity of her nation in a positive way.

Helen Clark came to the role of Prime Minister after an extensive parliamentary and ministerial career. First elected to Parliament in 1981, Helen Clark was re-elected to her multicultural Auckland constituency for the tenth time in November 2008. Earlier in her career, she chaired Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee.

Between 1987 and 1990, she was a Minister responsible for first, the portfolios of Conservation and Housing, and then Health and Labour. She was Deputy Prime Minister between August 1989 and November 1990. From that date until December 1993 she served as Deputy Leader of the Opposition, and then as Leader of the Opposition until winning the election in November 1999.

Prior to entering the New Zealand Parliament, Helen Clark taught in the Political Studies Department of the University of Auckland. She graduated with a BA in 1971 and an MA with First Class Honours in 1974. She is married to Peter Davis, a Professor at Auckland University.

Post of the UNDP Administrator

The UNDP Administrator is appointed by the Secretary-General and confirmed by the General Assembly for a term of four years. Paul G. Hoffman was appointed as the first Administrator of UNDP in 1966 and served until retirement in 1972. David Owen, who led UNDP’s predecessor organization, the Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA), was appointed as Mr. Hoffman’s Co-Administrator. Rudolph A. Peterson was appointed Administrator in 1972 followed by Bradford Morse in 1976; William H. Draper lll, 1986; James Gustave Speth, 1993 to 30 June 1999; Mark Malloch Brown, 1999-2005; and Kemal Derviş, 2005-2009.

Helen Clark gives all for UN ‘Plan A’ bid – National – NZ Herald News

Helen Clark says she is ready for the biggest challenge of her political career – trying to secure the United Nation’s most powerful job. And as the former PM’s campaign heats up, she has revealed she…

Source: Helen Clark gives all for UN ‘Plan A’ bid – National – NZ Herald News

“Everything I’ve ever done has involved another set of challenges,” she said.

“I like a challenge and unquestionably the peace and security challenge is one of the biggest as the lives of a lot of people are at stake.”

Deliberations began 10 days ago among the 15 members of the Security Council over their preferred candidate.

Portugal’s former PM, Antonio Guterres, topped the council’s initial straw poll ranking contenders, and Clark secured fourth spot.

Further polls will be taken before the Security Council makes its recommendation to the UN General Assembly by October.

The assembly will then decide whether to formally accept the recommended candidate.

As contenders continue to make their pitches, Clark said the power of diplomacy would be one of her campaigning points.

As Secretary-General, she said, “you need to be very engaged”.

“You need to pick up the phone, send envoys in, try everything you can to have ‘jaw jaw’ and not ‘war war’.

“Once things tip over into conflict, it can be very, very hard to stop.”

Clark believed well- targeted development programmes could reduce the risk of lawlessness and extremism in some states.

“You get these no-go zones where extremist groups can take root and flourish, so addressing the causes of violent extremism and terrorism brings us back to these investments,” she told Mindfood.

Clark said it was important the UN was relevant to a younger generation, including engaging with them on social media.

She has become prolific on social media and has more than 90,000 Facebook and 130,000 followers on Twitter and recently added Snapchat.

“You have to continually renovate, reinvent, innovate and take new generations with you,” she said.

“In my parents’ generation, young people were sent away to war or the home front. It’s ancient history to youth. We have to make the UN something that engages with them.”

Clark also revealed her focus was 100 per cent on getting the job, saying she had no fall-back if her bid was unsuccessful.

“I’ll devise a Plan B if I need to,” she said.

“At the moment there is only Plan A.”

Tالمفوضية السامية للأمم المتحدة لشؤون اللاجئين صريا: مكتب مفوض الأمم المتحدة السامي لشؤون اللاجئين، أو المفوضية، قبل عامين كان يجلس على مخزون من 437 مليون $ نقدا غير المنفق، حتى مع وكالة التدقيق الأمم المتحدة حذرت من أن التعامل مع قذرة من الأموال للخطر المساهمات في المستقبل من الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة الدول

انتقد مفوض الأمم المتحدة السامي لشؤون اللاجئين للفقراء handlingBy المالية جورج راسيل نشرت 14 مارس 2012 FoxNews.com حصريا: مكتب مفوض الأمم المتحدة السامي لشؤون اللاجئين، أو المفوضية، قبل عامين كان يجلس على مخزون من 437 مليون $ نقدا غير المنفق، حتى مع وكالة التدقيق الأمم المتحدة حذرت من أن التعامل مع قذرة من الأموال للخطر […]

https://markgeoffreykirshner.com/2016/07/26/un-auditors-lambasted-antonio-guterres-management-of-unhcr/

Antonio Guteres was found Grossly Deficient in Managing UNHCR


Independant Board of Auditors Found UNHCR under Antonio Guteres Grossly Deficient Imperiling Future Contribtions from Member States


UN Independent Board of Auditors found Antonio Guteres Grossly Deficient in Managing  UNHCR



United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees blasted for poor financial handlingBy George Russell

Published March 14, 2012

FoxNews.com
EXCLUSIVE: The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, or UNHCR, two years ago was sitting on a stockpile of $437 million in unspent cash, even as a U.N. auditing agency warned that its sloppy handling of funds imperiled future contributions from U.N. member nations
The report, issued last year but only introduced for member-state review in the U.N. General Assembly, cites UNHCR for sloppy bookkeeping, poor financial oversight, managerial disarray, and a lack of tools to judge how well it was doing its job of helping tens of millions of the world’s displaced people.
The U.N.’s independent Board of Auditors used remarkably straight-forward language to lambaste the refugee agency, whose largest donor, the United States, contributed $712 million to UNHCR in 2010, according to the State Department. The auditors noted that the relief agency, which is financed largely by voluntary contributions, spent about $1.9 billion in 2010; its budget two years earlier was about $1.1 billion.
The auditors pointed out that there were “strong indicators of significant shortcomings in financial management” at the agency, headed since 2005 by Antonio Guterres, a former Socialist prime minister of Portugal. “This is a major risk for UNHCR,” the auditors warned, “given the increasing pressures on donors to justify why they provide public funds to international aid organizations.”
Moreover, the inspectors did not seem optimistic that the situation would change soon, even though UNHCR’s management now says that it is working hard on a wide variety of fronts to change the disturbing situation.
The Board of Auditors report, written last year but only recently published, amounted to the first major external assessment of UNHCR’s behavior after its spending began to balloon dramatically in 2008 in line with a new strategy known as the Global Needs Assessment, a novel way to encourage donors to come up with more cash.
Rather than looking at its donor pledges and then determining its budget, UNHCR is now using the Global Needs Assessment to determine the amount that it feels it needs to spend, then building a budget to accommodate that perspective — though, in the end, it still must manage with the amount it takes in.
The new approach has given more of a social welfare tilt to UNHCR relief efforts, even though it is still thought of primarily as a front-line relief group that doles out emergency food and shelter to populations displaced across national borders by war, famine and drought.
Click here to see the Auditors Report.
The Obama administration has apparently found the Global Needs approach convincing. U.S. contributions to the relief agency increased by about 40 percent between 2008 and 2010, before tailing off only slightly last year.
For this year and next, when UNHCR hopes to spend about $3.3 billion a year under its Global Needs, a State Department spokesperson told Fox News, U.S. support “will depend on current crises to which UNHCR responds.”
For UNHCR’s external auditors, however, the issue is not so much the agency’s needs as its financial and management capabilities — and these it found dolefully lacking. Among other things, the auditors’ report notes:
–UNHCR could not balance its many checkbooks. No fewer than 99 of its bank and investment accounts, holding more than $375 million, ‘lacked up-to-date reconciliations, a key financial control.’ The auditors had warned about the same problem a year earlier, and not much was done about it. (The backlog had been cut to three active accounts before the auditors’ report was published.)
–the agency wasn’t even prepared for its own audit, reflecting “significant deficiencies in the systems in place to prepare its financial statements, and in the quality of the supervision and ownership of these processes, from the most senior executive level downward and across the entire organization.”
–UNHCR “remains unable to gather and analyses basic management information on its operations,” or “to get a full grip on the performance of its implementing partners or the delivery of major initiatives.” Translation: it doesn’t know what it is actually doing.
–UNHCR’s own share of what it takes in from donors is high. Despite roughly 22 percent of its $1.9 billion in actual spending for 2010 that went to “administrative overhead and staff benefits,” the report notes. At the time of the audit, UNHCR had 6,300 regular staff working in some 380 offices located in 125 countries.
— despite those overheads, roughly one-third of UNHCR’s spending ($667 million) went to “implementing partners,” meaning non-government organizations and others who carried out relief operations. Who they all were, and how well they functioned, was not at all clear. The process of selecting those partners, the auditors noted, “lacks rigor and transparency, increasing the risk of fraud, corruption, inefficiency and poor partner performance.”
–More than half of the implementing partners had worked for UNHCR for more than five years, and the auditors found “little evidence of any kind of competitive selection process,” cost comparison or matching of capabilities with requirements. The Board of Auditors said it was “particularly concerned at the lack of transparency in partner selection processes and the increased risk of fraud and corruption to which this exposes UNHCR.”
–however badly the partners — or for that matter, UNHCR staffers — performed in the field, however, the Board of Auditors did not think highly of the agency’s ability to judge it. “Performance from its country network does not enable management to make effective judgments as to the cost-effectiveness of projects and activities or to hold local managers accountable for performance,” the report says.
If anything, the Board of Auditors report underplays the seriousness of UNHCR’s lack of field intelligence on its own operations, many of which stem from a multimillion-dollar fiasco involving installation of a new, systemwide software system, known as Focus. The software was supposed to integrate financial and human resources information, in order to propel UNHCR toward better “results-based management.”
According to another internal U.N. inspection report, which Fox News reported on last May, there have been “years of delays” in installing Focus, and the lack of information has affected hundreds of millions of dollars in UNHCR spending.
Asked how the U.S. viewed the Board of Auditors report, a State Department spokesman declared that “we follow the institutional and operational issues closely.” The spokesman also pointed to statements made by the U.S. at a meeting of UNHCR’s executive committee last October, where a U.S. diplomat declared that “several of the findings of the Board concern us,” without going into detail. At another “ex-com” session in Geneva, U.S. Ambassador David Robinson underlined that “the United States remains a committed partner with UNHCR and the beneficiaries it serves.”
How does UNHCR itself intend to deal with the management swamp outlined in the Board of Auditors report?
Not to worry, according to the agency’s management. In a report nearly as long as the auditors’ investigation, UNHCR last September outlined a lengthy list of “measures taken and proposed” to improve things. Some of them, however, seemed vague, or less than wholesale.
On the alarming bank account reconciliation process, for example, the agency reported that it had already done a great deal, and that “bank accounts held at Headquarters are fully reconciled and are routinely reconciled on a monthly basis.” But this excludes accounts in the field, where the auditors are particularly critical of oversight lapses.
In addressing what the auditors call “deficiencies in country office financial management and reporting capacity,” UNHCR says it will “review relevant audit and inspection reports, consult with Headquarters and Bureaux and continue to analyse data … to focus on those country offices in need of greater strengthening of financial management practices. Based on this review and analysis, UNHCR will develop workplans to address the identified gaps.” It hopes to have the process completed by the end of this year.
When it comes to adopting a “risk-management” approach to its partners in relief operations, as the auditors recommended, UNHCR says it first must adopt a “Differentiated Risk-Based Framework” and then apply it appropriately. The agency projects, somewhat murkily, that the “overall development application of the Framework will be completed by 2014.”
Click here to read the ‘Measures Taken’ report.
Asked by Fox News last week whether it was on track to meet the many promised deadlines in its “measures taken” report, UNHCR had not replied before this

Tالمفوضية السامية للأمم المتحدة لشؤون اللاجئين صريا: مكتب مفوض الأمم المتحدة السامي لشؤون اللاجئين، أو المفوضية، قبل عامين كان يجلس على مخزون من 437 مليون $ نقدا غير المنفق، حتى مع وكالة التدقيق الأمم المتحدة حذرت من أن التعامل مع قذرة من الأموال للخطر المساهمات في المستقبل من الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة الدول

انتقد مفوض الأمم المتحدة السامي لشؤون اللاجئين للفقراء handlingBy المالية جورج راسيل

نشرت 14 مارس 2012

FoxNews.com

حصريا: مكتب مفوض الأمم المتحدة السامي لشؤون اللاجئين، أو المفوضية، قبل عامين كان يجلس على مخزون من 437 مليون $ نقدا غير المنفق، حتى مع وكالة التدقيق الأمم المتحدة حذرت من أن التعامل مع قذرة من الأموال للخطر المساهمات في المستقبل من الأعضاء في الأمم المتحدة الدول

وقال التقرير الصادر في العام الماضي ولكن قدم فقط للمراجعة دولة عضو في الجمعية العامة للأمم المتحدة، ويستشهد المفوضية للمحاسبة قذرة، والرقابة المالية الضعيفة، حالة من الفوضى الإدارية، وعدم وجود أدوات للحكم على مدى انها تقوم بعملها لمساعدة عشرات الملايين من النازحين في العالم.

مجلس إدارة مستقل مراجعي الحسابات للأمم المتحدة تستخدم اللغة بشكل ملحوظ على التوالي إلى الأمام إلى لوم لشؤون اللاجئين، الذي أكبر الجهات المانحة، والولايات المتحدة، ساهم 712،000،000 $ للمفوضية في عام 2010، وفقا لوزارة الخارجية. لاحظ مراجعو الحسابات أن وكالة الغوث، والتي يتم تمويلها إلى حد كبير من التبرعات، قضى نحو 1.9 مليار $ في عام 2010؛ وكانت ميزانيتها قبل عامين حول 1100000000 $.

وأشارت مدققي الحسابات إلى أن هناك “مؤشرات قوية من قصور كبير في الإدارة المالية” في وكالة، برئاسة منذ عام 2005 من قبل أنطونيو غوتيريس، رئيس الوزراء الاشتراكي السابق للبرتغال. “هذا هو الخطر الرئيسي للمفوضية”، وحذرت من مدققي الحسابات، “نظرا للضغوط متزايدة على الجهات المانحة لتبرير لماذا أنها توفر الأموال العامة لمنظمات الإغاثة الدولية.”
وعلاوة على ذلك، فإن المفتشين لا يبدو متفائلا بأن الوضع سيتغير قريبا، على الرغم من أن إدارة المفوضية يقول الآن أنه يعمل جاهدا على طائفة واسعة من الجبهات لتغيير الوضع مثير للقلق.
وتقرير مجلس مراجعي الحسابات، وكتب في العام الماضي ولكنها نشرت في الآونة الأخيرة فقط، وصلت إلى أول تقييم خارجي كبير من سلوك المفوضية بعد أن بدأ إنفاقها على بالون بشكل كبير في عام 2008 تماشيا مع الاستراتيجية الجديدة المعروفة باسم الاحتياجات التقييم العالمي، وسيلة جديدة لتشجيع المانحين على الخروج مع المزيد من الاموال

لم يكن حتى إعداد –the كالة للمراجعة الخاصة بها، والتي تعكس “أوجه قصور مهمة في النظم المعمول بها لإعداد بياناتها المالية، وجودة الإشراف وملكية هذه العمليات، من المستوى التنفيذي كبار الهبوط و عبر المؤسسة بأكملها. ”
–UNHCR” لا تزال غير قادرة على جمع وتحليل المعلومات الإدارية الأساسية في عملياتها “، أو” للحصول على قبضة كاملة عن أداء شركائها المنفذين أو تنفيذ مبادرات كبرى. ” ترجمة: أنها لا تعرف ماذا تفعل في الواقع
حصة –UNHCR الخاصة ما في وسعها في من المانحين عالية. وعلى الرغم من ما يقرب من 22 في المئة من سكانها 1.9 مليار $ في الإنفاق الفعلي لعام 2010 التي ذهبت إلى “النفقات العامة والموظفين فوائد الإدارية”، ويشير التقرير. وفي الوقت للمراجعة، كان لدى المفوضية 6300 الموظفين العاديين الذين يعملون في نحو 380 مكتبا منتشرة في 125 دولة.

بدلا من النظر إلى تعهدات المانحين، وبعد ذلك تحديد ميزانيتها، تقوم المفوضية الآن باستخدام العالمية تقييم الاحتياجات لتحديد المبلغ الذي يشعر أنه يحتاج إلى قضاء، ثم بناء ميزانية لاستيعاب هذا المنظور – على الرغم من، في النهاية، فإنه لا يزال يجب أن إدارة مع المبلغ الذي يأخذ في.

وقد أعطى هذا النهج الجديد أكثر من الميل الرفاه الاجتماعي في جهود الإغاثة المفوضية، على الرغم من أنه لا يزال يفكر في المقام الأول كمجموعة الإغاثة الخط الأمامي أن الصدقات للخروج الغذائية الطارئة والمأوى للمشردين عبر الحدود الوطنية بسبب الحرب والمجاعة والجفاف .
انقر هنا لمشاهدة تقرير مراقبي الحسابات.
وقد وجدت إدارة أوباما على ما يبدو الاحتياجات العالمية تقترب مقنعة. مساهمات الولايات المتحدة لوكالة الغوث زيادة بنحو 40 في المئة بين عامي 2008 و 2010، قبل المخلفات خارج قليلا فقط العام الماضي.
لمدققي الحسابات الخارجيين للمفوضية، إلا أن المسألة ليست كثيرا احتياجات الوكالة عن قدرات المالية وإدارتها – وهذه وجدت تفتقر dolefully. من بين أمور أخرى، يشير تقرير مراقبي الحسابات:

–UNHCR لا يمكن تحقيق التوازن بين العديد من دفاتر الشيكات لها. ما لا يقل عن 99 من الحسابات المصرفية والاستثمارية، وعقد أكثر من 375 مليون $، “تفتقر إلى ما يصل إلى تاريخ المصالحات، والرقابة المالية الرئيسية.” مراجعو الحسابات حذر من نفس المشكلة في العام السابق، ولم يتم عمل الكثير عن ذلك. (تم خفض تراكم لثلاثة الحسابات النشطة قبل نشر تقرير مراجعي الحسابات.)
– على الرغم من تلك النفقات العامة، ما يقرب من ذهب ثلث الإنفاق المفوضية (667 مليون $) ل”الشركاء المنفذين”، بمعنى المنظمات غير الحكومية وغيرها الذين نفذوا عمليات الإغاثة. الذين كانوا جميعا، وإلى أي مدى يمكن أن تعمل، لم يكن واضحا على الإطلاق. عملية اختيار هؤلاء الشركاء، لاحظ مراجعو الحسابات، “يفتقر إلى الدقة والشفافية، مما يزيد من مخاطر الاحتيال والفساد وعدم الكفاءة وسوء الأداء شريك”.
–More من نصف الشركاء المنفذين عملت لمفوضية الأمم المتحدة لأكثر من خمس سنوات ومدققي الحسابات وجدت “أدلة تذكر على أي نوع من عملية اختيار تنافسية” مقارنة التكاليف أو مطابقة القدرات مع المتطلبات. وقال مجلس مراجعي الحسابات انها تشعر “بقلق خاص إزاء عدم الشفافية في عمليات اختيار شريك وزيادة مخاطر الاحتيال والفساد الذي يعرض هذه المفوضية.”
–however سيئة الشركاء – أو لتلك المسألة، العاملين المفوضية – – أجريت في هذا المجال، ومع ذلك، فإن مجلس مراجعي الحسابات لم يفكر بشدة قدرة الوكالة إلى الحكم عليها. “الأداء من شبكة بلاده لا تمكين الإدارة من إصدار الأحكام فعالة فيما يتعلق مردودية المشاريع والأنشطة أو لعقد المديرين المحليين للمساءلة عن الأداء”، كما يقول التقرير.
وفيما يتعلق بعملية المصالحة حساب مصرفي تنذر بالخطر، على سبيل المثال، وذكرت وكالة أنها قد فعلت الكثير، وأنه “الحسابات المصرفية التي عقدت في مقر والتوفيق تماما ويتم تسويتها بشكل روتيني على أساس شهري. واضاف” لكن هذا لا يشمل حسابات في هذا المجال، حيث المدققين حاسمة بشكل خاص من الهفوات الرقابة.
في معالجة ما تدعو المراجعين “أوجه القصور في الإدارة المالية قدرات المكاتب القطرية والتقارير”، ويقول المفوضية فإنه “مراجعة ذات الصلة التدقيق والتفتيش التقارير، والتشاور مع المقر الرئيسي والمكاتب وتستمر لتحليل البيانات … للتركيز على تلك المكاتب القطرية في تحتاج لمزيد من تعزيز ممارسات الإدارة المالية، وبناء على هذا الاستعراض والتحليل، ستقوم المفوضية وضع خطط عمل لمعالجة الثغرات التي تم تحديدها “. ويأمل أن تكون العملية تنتهي في نهاية هذا العام.
وعندما يتعلق الأمر باعتماد نهج “إدارة المخاطر” لشركائها في عمليات الإغاثة، كما أوصى مراجعو الحسابات، وتقول المفوضية إنها أولا يجب تبني “المتباينة المخاطر على أساس إطار “ومن ثم تطبيقه بشكل مناسب. مشاريع وكالة، murkily إلى حد ما، أن “تطبيق التنمية الشاملة في إطار سيكتمل بحلول عام 2014.”

كيف المفوضية نفسها تنوي التعامل مع المستنقع إدارة الواردة في تقرير مجلس مراجعي الحسابات؟
لا داعي للقلق، وفقا لإدارة الوكالة. في التقرير أن ما يقرب طالما التحقيق مدققي الحسابات وأوجز المفوضية في سبتمبر الماضي على قائمة طويلة من “التدابير المتخذة والمقترحة” لتحسين الأمور. بعض منهم، ومع ذلك، بدا غامضا، أو أقل من الجملة.
انقر هنا لقراءة “التدابير المتخذة” التقرير.
إذا كان أي شيء، وتقرير مجلس مراجعي الحسابات يتحفظ على خطورة عدم المفوضية من الاستخبارات الميدانية في عملياتها، وكثير منها تنبع من الفشل الذريع عدة ملايين من الدولارات التي تنطوي على تركيب نظام البرمجيات المنظومة الجديدة، والمعروفة باسم التركيز. وكان من المفترض البرنامج لدمج المعلومات الخاصة بالموارد المالية والبشرية، من أجل دفع المفوضية نحو أفضل “الإدارة القائمة على النتائج”.

وفقا لتقرير الأمم المتحدة داخلي آخر التفتيش، التي ذكرت شبكة فوكس نيوز في مايو الماضي، كانت هناك “سنوات من التأخير” في تركيب التركيز، وعدم توفر المعلومات قد تتأثر مئات الملايين من الدولارات في الإنفاق المفوضية.

وردا على سؤال كيف ينظر إلى الولايات المتحدة على تقرير مجلس مراجعي الحسابات، أعلن متحدث باسم وزارة الخارجية “اننا متابعة القضايا المؤسسية والتشغيلية عن كثب.” وأشار المتحدث أيضا إلى التصريحات التي أدلى بها الولايات المتحدة في اجتماع للجنة التنفيذية للمفوضية في أكتوبر الماضي، حيث أعلن دبلوماسي أميركي أن “العديد من النتائج التي توصل إليها المجلس تهمنا”، من دون الخوض في التفاصيل. في آخر الجلسة “كوم السابقين” في جنيف، أكد السفير الأميركي ديفيد روبنسون أن “تبقى الولايات المتحدة شريكا ملتزما مع المفوضية والمستفيدين التي تخدمها.”
وردا على سؤال لشبكة فوكس نيوز الاسبوع الماضي عما اذا كان على المسار الصحيح لتحقيق العديد وعد المواعيد النهائية في تقريرها “التدابير المتخذة”، لم تكن المفوضية قد وردت قبل هذا

لهذا العام والعام المقبل، عندما تأمل المفوضية أن تنفق حوالي 3.3 مليار $ سنويا تحت احتياجاتها العالمية، وقال متحدث باسم وزارة الخارجية فوكس نيوز، ودعم الولايات المتحدة “سيعتمد على الأزمات الحالية التي تستجيب المفوضية”.