Helen Clark: Speech at the High-Level Roundtable “Leaving No One Behind: Urban Inclusion and Prosperity” UN Habitat III Conference | UNDP

 

Casa de la Cultura – Quito, Ecuador

Source: Helen Clark: Speech at the High-Level Roundtable “Leaving No One Behind: Urban Inclusion and Prosperity” img_010631 | UNDP

By 2030, sixty per cent of the global population will be in cities. We can achieve the SDGs if our cities become inclusive, sustainable, and resilient. Photo credit: UNDP

UNDP welcomes the topic of this roundtable: “Leaving No-one Behind: Urban Inclusion and Prosperity”.

In the twenty years since Habitat II in Istanbul, urban populations have grown rapidly. More than half the world’s population now lives in cities, including in most parts of the developing world. Urban centres cover only a small proportion of the planet, but their physical, economic, political, and ecological footprints are much larger.

The World Bank estimates that by 2035, most of the world’s extremely poor people will be found in urban areas. The characteristics of that poverty differ in some respects from those of rural areas.  For example, urban dwellers may have to pay for things which rural dwellers obtain for free – albeit often with considerable effort, like building materials, water, and food. This means that approaches to measuring poverty and eradicating it need to be revised, if the aspiration of the 2030 agenda to leave no one behind is to be achieved.

Both push and pull factors draw people to cities. Throughout a good deal of human history, cities have been seen as places of hope and opportunity.  Some believed their streets were paved with gold!  So often those hopes have been dashed as people find that the reality is living in an informal settlement with few services and poor livelihoods.  We have much to do to make all our cities inclusive, peaceful, and resilient places.

Where it exists, high and extreme inequality in cities is a driver of violence and unrest.  In Latin America, for example, UNDP analysis has identified a close correlation between urbanization and rising crime. Municipal authorities have often not been able to meet the needs of marginalized groups.  We do see many cities in Latin America and elsewhere acting to improve the lives of the urban poor. But there is much more to be done to ensure that no one is left behind.

A high proportion of the people and of the economic activity affected by extreme weather events is also concentrated in urban centres.  The impacts of these disasters often fall disproportionately on the poor and marginalized there, where their dwellings are located on unstable land or on land prone to flooding and other effects of storms.  The savage impact of Hurricane Matthew in Haiti showed this recently. Leaving no one behind will mean making our cities much more resilient than many are today.

As cities address major challenges like poverty and exclusion and the growing threat of climate change, it will help to share experiences and best practices, and shape a collective voice on the issues which matter most to cities.  UNDP and the wider UN system are well positioned to support this.

We are guided by a policy paper produced for the UN Chief Executives Board on “Urbanization and Sustainable Development”, which calls for an integrated approach to interlinked urban challenges. The aim is to ensure coherence in our efforts and maximise our impact in support of sustainable development in cities by working better together.

UNDP is committed to working with partners around the world to ensure that the cities of 2030 can be sustainable, inclusive, and resilient.

Here in Ecuador, we have partnered with the Quito municipality and the private sector on an economic inclusion initiative.  Two hundred families and their micro and small businesses initially benefited, including from the provision of training and skills development. This experience has been able to be replicated with 800 additional families in the province of Manabí, as part of the recovery process after the earthquake in April this year.  Good practice like this can be replicated widely and scaled up.

By 2030, sixty per cent of the global population will be in cities.  We can achieve the SDGs if our cities become inclusive, sustainable, and resilient.  UNDP commits itself to helping make that possible.

UN’s Helen Clark on Why You Should Never Have a Plan B

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) head Helen Clark (Photo courtesy of STEPHANE DE SAKUTIN/AFP/Getty Images) The greatest challenge for women is getting into leadership positions, not actually leading, says Helen Clark former Prime Minister of New Zealand and current head of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Clark is one of nine candidates […]

Source: UN’s Helen Clark on Why You Should Never Have a Plan B

 

Helping women take their next step forward.

GUEST POST WRITTEN BY

Michelle Penelope King

Michelle Penelope King is a writer, researcher and advisor on gender equality practices and an expert on navigating office politics.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) head Helen Clark (Photo courtesy of STEPHANE DE SAKUTIN/AFP/Getty Images)

The greatest challenge for women is getting into leadership positions, not actually leading, says Helen Clark former Prime Minister of New Zealand and current head of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Clark is one of nine candidates currently vying for the top job as the UN’s Secretary General, a race that has its next vote Oct. 4 and will likely conclude later this month.

The UN has never had a female Secretary General, and despite calls for a women to be elected to the position, results from thestraw polls currently favor a man, Antonio Guterres, a former Portuguese Prime Minster.

“It is actually getting there that is the trouble because people don’t have in most countries an image of what a women leader is. They have all had leaders who are men. Actually getting established as being able to do the job you have got to face quite a lot of preconceptions about what the holder of that office looks like,” says Clark.

So Clark is playing the long game. “You just have to hang in as an option because the way geopolitics are,” she explains. “For the last 71 years, the appointees have generally been the lower keeping diplomatic kind. It is really time to move forward with more of a leadership profile of someone who can be seen as equal, if you like, with the heads of government,” she says.

Having broken her share of glass ceilings to serve as New Zealand’s first female-elected Prime Minister from 1996 until 2008, then taking up the third most important job at the UN in 2009, Clark is not giving up. In fact, when asked if she has thought about devising a backup plan should she not succeed, Clark responds “No I haven’t. There is no plan B. Only plan A.”

Recommended by Forbes

Here, Clark outlines what she believes it takes to succeed against the odds.

Back Yourself

Clark says a key challenge for women aspiring to leadership positions is overcoming gender stereotypes and abnormal levels of scrutiny. “Hopefully once someone has broken them, those stereotypes are put in the cupboard and people say well we had a women prime minister and it worked for us,” says Clark.

Belief in yourself is the key to overcoming these challenges. “If you don’t have confidence in yourself no one will. Just go on the facts that women can do the job as well if not better than any man,” she said. “You have to be confident that you have as much to offer as the assertive male who is trying to get in,” says Clark.

Take Risks

Clark’s staying power in this election is based on her belief that you can’t be afraid of losing, and she maintains this is the key to achieving anything worthwhile. “People often don’t like change. In the end necessity drives change,” she says. “Anything worthwhile will be hard to achieve because people contest power. You will never get it on a plate. So you have to be prepared for the long haul and you may or may not win. You have to be prepared to take risks that it might come off but it might not,” says Clark.

Build A Strong Support Base

The one thing Clark has known throughout her political career is how important it is to have support networks. “Build networks around you,” she said. “You have to build alliances with people who will go the extra mile for you.”

This focus on collaboration is founded on her view that simply being in a position of power is not enough. Clark says leaders need to be able to bring people together, even across divides, in order to do something with it. It’s the philosophy behind her run for UN Secretary General: “You have to be able to come through as someone who can bring people together and isn’t heavily associated with any particular great power,” says Clark.

Speak Up

“Unless you actively get in and change [something], your voice is not going to be heard,” maintains Clark. She says that social media platforms provide the means to collaborate, but it is not enough just to blog and tweet — young people need to change political systems in the way they think is relevant.

@Helen4SG UN Highlights Swift Action on Sustainable Development | UNDP #Helen4SG

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Countries around the world are already engaging in diverse and interesting ways to implement the new Sustainable Development Goals, says a new report launched today.

Source: UN Highlights Swift Action on Sustainable Development | UNDP

 

Countries around the world are already engaging in diverse and interesting ways to implement the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that were adopted by the United Nations last year, says a new report launched today by the United Nations Development Group (UNDG).

The report entitled “The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are Coming to Life: Stories of Country Implementation and UN Support”, presents examples of how countries in different regions getting to work on making the  SDGs a reality at the national level.

Speaking at a launch event hosted by the UNDG, Republic of Korea, Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Republic of Sierra Leone, UNDP Administrator and Chair of the UNDG Helen Clark said: “This new report provides insights into a range of actions and partnerships for SDG implementation in sixteen countries from across all regions of the world. It identifies opportunities for partners to engage with the new global agenda, and highlights the critical supporting role which the UN development system can play.”

Highlighting some key observations drawn from the report’s case studies, Helen Clark said they revealed that some of the most innovative examples of early action come from countries in complex situations.

“The publication includes examples from Sierra Leone which is striving to recover from the crisis caused by Ebola, and from Somalia which still faces significant security challenges. Many other countries with complex challenges are embracing the SDGs as part of the solution.”

All countries showcased in the publication are making early efforts, with UN support, to “mainstream” the SDGs – integrating these goals into national plans and frameworks through multi-stakeholder consultations, a variety of public awareness-raising activities, technical workshops and through the establishment of national and sub-national coordination mechanisms.

These experiences can serve other countries, too, as they embark on their own SDG implementation processes.

To read more about the featured countries, and to download the full report, please visit https://undg.org/home/undg-mechanisms/sustainable-development-working-group/the-sustainable-development-goals-are-coming-to-life/

Contact informationMedia ContactDylan Lowthian, Communications Specialist,dylan.lowthian@undp.org, +1 212 906 5516

#Helen4SG Biography – @Helen4SG Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator | UNDP

 

img_010631Source: Biography – Helen Clark, UNDP Administrator | UNDP

 

Helen Clark

Helen Clark

Biography of the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme

Helen Clark became the Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme on 17 April 2009, and is the first woman to lead the organization. She is also the Chair of the United Nations Development Group, a committee consisting of the heads of all UN funds, programmes and departments working on development issues.

Prior to her appointment with UNDP, Helen Clark served for nine years as Prime Minister of New Zealand, serving three successive terms from 1999 – 2008. Throughout her tenure as Prime Minister, Helen Clark engaged widely in policy development and advocacy across the international, economic, social and cultural spheres. Under her leadership, New Zealand achieved significant economic growth, low levels of unemployment, and high levels of investment in education and health, and in the well-being of families and older citizens. She and her government prioritized reconciliation and the settlement of historical grievances with New Zealand’s indigenous people and the development of an inclusive multicultural and multi-faith society.

Helen Clark advocated strongly for New Zealand’s comprehensive programme on sustainability and for tackling the problems of climate change. Her objectives have been to establish New Zealand as being among the world’s leading nations in dealing with these challenges. Helen Clark was also an active leader of her country’s foreign relations and policies, engaging in a wide range of international issues. As Prime Minister, Helen Clark was a member of the Council of Women World Leaders, an international network of current and former women presidents and prime ministers whose mission is to mobilize the highest-level women leaders globally for collective action on issues of critical importance to women and equitable development.

Helen Clark held ministerial responsibility during her nine years as Prime Minister for New Zealand’s intelligence agencies and for the portfolio of arts, culture and heritage. She has seen the promotion of this latter portfolio as important in expressing the unique identity of her nation in a positive way.

Helen Clark came to the role of Prime Minister after an extensive parliamentary and ministerial career. First elected to Parliament in 1981, Helen Clark was re-elected to her multicultural Auckland constituency for the tenth time in November 2008. Earlier in her career, she chaired Parliament’s Foreign Affairs Committee.

Between 1987 and 1990, she was a Minister responsible for first, the portfolios of Conservation and Housing, and then Health and Labour. She was Deputy Prime Minister between August 1989 and November 1990. From that date until December 1993 she served as Deputy Leader of the Opposition, and then as Leader of the Opposition until winning the election in November 1999.

Prior to entering the New Zealand Parliament, Helen Clark taught in the Political Studies Department of the University of Auckland. She graduated with a BA in 1971 and an MA with First Class Honours in 1974. She is married to Peter Davis, a Professor at Auckland University.

Post of the UNDP Administrator

The UNDP Administrator is appointed by the Secretary-General and confirmed by the General Assembly for a term of four years. Paul G. Hoffman was appointed as the first Administrator of UNDP in 1966 and served until retirement in 1972. David Owen, who led UNDP’s predecessor organization, the Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA), was appointed as Mr. Hoffman’s Co-Administrator. Rudolph A. Peterson was appointed Administrator in 1972 followed by Bradford Morse in 1976; William H. Draper lll, 1986; James Gustave Speth, 1993 to 30 June 1999; Mark Malloch Brown, 1999-2005; and Kemal Derviş, 2005-2009.

@HelenClarkUNDP Tartous: Growing mushrooms 2 enhance livelihoods

 

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Since the start of the Syria crisis, Tartous has been one the most stable governorate and is thus a natural refuge for IDPs escaping nearby conflict areas. It is a home to approximately 452,000 IDPs who came mostly from Homs, Hama, Idleb, Aleppo, Ar-Raqqa, and Deir-Ez-Zor and reside in rented apartments and shelters.

Source: Tartous: Growing mushrooms to enhance livelihoods

Khawla is one of those IDPs who used to live with her family in Aleppo governorate in peace before the crisis. Their neighborhood became suddenly under siege and violence and they suffered from malnutrition and bad health conditions as they were unable to meet their basic daily needs of food and water. A year ago, when the conditions in their area became unbearable, they fled to Tartous governorate taking refuge in Al-Kharab area.

 

“One of my brothers is missing, and the second one has fled out of the country” said Khawla; the 21 year old single women who found herself the sole breadwinner of her family in spite of her young age. She was living in a small apartment with 12 members including the families of her both brothers. “The rent was very expensive and we no longer could afford it. I spent long time searching for a decent work but I had no previous experience” said Khalwa, adding “I never imagined that I’ll see my family in need for the basic things in life such as food, I had to find a job to save my family”.

 

In response to the dire situation of the IDPs in Tartous, UNDP implemented a mushroom cultivation project to provide job opportunities for IDPs and their host community members and enhance their living conditions. Mushroom cultivation can help reduce vulnerability to poverty and strengthens livelihoods through the generation of a fast yielding and nutritious source of food and a reliable source of income, in addition that it does not require access to land.

 

Khawla was one of the beneficiaries who joined the project from its early beginning. She is working eight hours per day in growing mushrooms and receiving a monthly wage that has significantly improved her conditions.

 

“Thanks to this project, I can buy food and clothes for my small brothers’ and help my family to pay the rent of our apartment” she said with a smile, adding “I also learnt new skills and got more experience in growing mushrooms, I feel I’m a productive person and I have more confidence in myself”.

 

The mushroom cultivating project helped creating 50 job opportunities for IDPs and their host community members, in addition to providing 1690 kg of mushrooms to the local market at reasonable prices.

@HelenClarkUNDP: Keynote Strengthening Rule of Law 2 Sustain Peace & Foster Development – Lessons Learned…| UNDP

UNDP’s Annual Meeting on Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Contexts – New York, USA

Source: Helen Clark: Keynote Address on “Strengthening the Rule of Law to Sustain Peace and Foster Development – Lessons Learned from Eight Years of Support” | UNDP

 

I am delighted to welcome you to this Annual Meeting on Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-affected and Fragile Contexts.

Allow me to begin by acknowledging members of our high-level panel this morning:

•    Her Excellency, Ambassador Lana Nusseibeh, Permanent Representative of the United Arab Emirates to the United Nations will chair our panel for this session. Ambassador Nusseibeh has been active in promoting the rule of law and transitional justice within the UN system, and has highlighted in particular the challenges women face in accessing justice and participating in the formulation and implementation of the rule of law. We are most grateful for Ambassador Nusseibeh’s support.

•    Her Excellency, Sanogo Aminata Malle, Minister of Justice, Human Rights, and Guardian of Seals  in Mali. As the former President of the ECOWAS Community Court, Minister Mallé has provided remarkable leadership on the rule of law. Since taking office as a Minister in 2015, Mme Mallé has continued to support work on the rule of law and access to justice in Mali, and we look forward to hearing more about this today.

•    Her Excellency Thelma Esperanza Aldana Hernández de López, Attorney-General of Guatemala, has been a courageous and unwavering advocate for the rule of law, transparency, and justice in her country. We thank the Attorney-General for taking the time to share her experiences with us today.

•    Advocate Mabedle Lawrence Mushwana, Chairperson of the South African Human Rights Commission, is here representing the Global Alliance of National Human Rights Institutions.  As the Global Alliance’s former Chair, he is a key promoter of the work of national human rights institutions globally .

UNDP looks forward to this annual rule of law meeting each year as an opportunity to discuss the results of its work with partners. Over the course of this week’s events, we will engage on access to justice and SDG 16, and on addressing obstacles to establishing the rule of law.

Today marks the official launch of the annual report on our Global Programme for Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations. In the preface of that report, I wrote that: “We have learned from the United Nations Charter that the rule of law and human rights form the essential conditions for human dignity and therefore for human development”. This insight underpins UNDP’s work to support countries to strengthen the rule of law.

In my speech this morning, I will refer to the global trends and policy discussions which are guiding our work. I will comment on the critical importance of partnerships in the UN system’s work on the rule of law. For example, the collaboration between UNDP, DPKO, UN Women, OHCHR, UNODC and others through the Global Focal Point arrangement ensures that our efforts are complementary and not competitive.

As the second phase of our Global Programme for Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations concluded at the end of last year, I will also share some examples of the impact our efforts have had on strengthening the rule of law, justice, and security in those contexts.

Global trends – the SDGs and Goal 16, peace reviews, and conflict

Since our annual meeting last year the 2030 Agenda has been adopted, providing a comprehensive global framework for advancing sustainable development in the face of the complex challenges our world faces. In adopting this agenda, Member States acknowledged that access to justice was an important element of sustainable development.

SDG 16 commits Member States to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels”. A specific target is dedicated to promoting the rule of law, which is seen as an essential condition for building peaceful and inclusive societies.

A number of developments around our world are undermining the rule of law and human development.  These include:

–    protracted conflicts and fragility more broadly which are estimated to affect the lives of roughly 1.5 billion people. UNHCR estimates that more than 65 million people are currently forcibly displaced from their homes – the highest number since the end of World War Two.  Conflicts are the cause of an estimated eighty per cent of all humanitarian needs.  The gap between those needs and the international community’s capacity to respond is widening;

–    growing income inequalities, which impose strains on social cohesion. If left unaddressed, these pressures can pose risks to peace and development in a number of contexts. As well, persistent inequality and marginalization continue to affect women, youth, and other groups in a range of societies; and

–    the menace of organized crime, sexual and gender-based violence, terrorism, and violent extremism continue to blight the lives of many.

Strong and accountable institutions anchored in the rule of law are needed to uphold people’s rights and hold perpetrators of violence and injustice to account. Establishing such institutions is an essential part of peacebuilding after a conflict has ended, and is also highly relevant to the prevention of conflict.  In many contexts, disregard for the rule of law is a ticking time bomb for instability, unrest, and conflict.

In April this year, the UN Security Council and the General Assembly adopted far-reaching resolutions on peacebuilding and on the prevention of conflict.  These resolutions embrace the concept of “sustaining peace”, and urge that peacebuilding should not be limited to the post-conflict period. They note that the root causes of conflict and violence need to be addressed comprehensively. Accounting for serious human rights violations and tackling impunity are critical to that.

UNDP leads joint system delivery on rule of law and human rights

Advancing the rule of law and sustaining peace is most likely to be achieved when national, international, and UN partners work closely together. The Global Focal Point (GFP) for the Rule of Law in Post-Conflict and other Crisis Situations, established in 2012, enables the UN system itself to deliver joined-up support.

Following the Secretary-General’s call for more flexible use of peacekeeping missions’ budgets to support peacebuilding, the Global Focal Point requested funds for five peacekeeping missions  to support multi-agency rule of law activities which were considered essential for delivering on Security Council mandates.  The good news is that these five projects have recently secured the support of the Fifth Committee, and around $13 million will be made available for this important work to be carried out by UN Country Teams and Missions.

The GFP arrangement also stands ready to support  the Secretary-General’s Human Rights Up Front initiative, which focuses the UN system on the prevention of conflict by identifying and responding to early signs of crisis.

An important source of resourcing for UNDP’s rule of law work in conflict-affected and fragile contexts is the Peacebuilding Fund. In Guatemala, for example, the Fund has supported us to work with victims of conflict and with justice institutions for a number of years. We will hear more about Guatemala’s efforts to address the issues of sexual and gender-based violence today. The recent landmark court decision on the “Sepur Zarco” case, where former members of the security forces were convicted for committing systematic sexual violence against indigenous women,  gives hope that by empowering victims and supporting institutions justice will be done.

Elsewhere:

•    UNDP’s rule of law expertise is supporting the establishment of transitional justice measures in Libya.
•    We work closely with SRSG Bangura’s Team of Experts on Sexual Violence in Conflict in a number of countries, including DRC, Mali, and CAR.
•    We provide technical support to the work of the Special Rapporteur to the Human Rights Council on the Promotion of Truth, Justice, Reparation, and Guarantees of Non-Recurrence.

The impact of our work

UNDP supports national partners to strengthen the rule of law – including in the most difficult development contexts where people’s needs for safety, security, and justice are urgent. By supporting better access to justice through the use of mobile courts, community-oriented policing, partnering with governments on comprehensive justice and security sector reform, and building the capacity of national counterparts to carry out their mandates, UNDP joins the dots between development and peacebuilding.

In this year’s annual report on our rule of law work in crisis-affected and fragile contexts, we look back over the previous eight years to assess our impact, identify lessons learned, and chart a path forward. Some highlights of our work have included the following:

•    In Bosnia and Herzegovina, a key long term UNDP objective was to help consolidate and reform the legal aid system. As a first step, we worked with civil society to set up a network of free legal aid providers as an interim measure until a state-sponsored system could be adopted.  Currently the network consists of around twenty providers, and an estimated 22,000 clients received legal aid last year alone. The network has been successful in empowering victims of conflict to engage with the legal system, and in mobilizing the general public to come to terms with the legacy of past violence.

•    In Central African Republic, UNDP worked closely with the UN peacekeeping mission (MINUSCA) to hold the 2015 Criminal Sessions — the first to be held in the country since 2010. These sessions were said to be among the most efficient and effective justice processes in the country’s recent history.

We also worked with stakeholders to support the development of a shared vision for the establishment of the Special Criminal Court in CAR. This set the stage for the application of new judicial procedures across the justice system. Our national partners in CAR are well on their way to reforming the justice system overall, and UNDP is proud to be supporting their efforts.

•    In Colombia, UNDP supported sixty victims of the long-running conflict to testify before peace negotiators in Havana. Those who testified included women, indigenous peoples, and Afro-descendants who were survivors of sexual violence during the conflict. Since then, UNDP has assisted more than 1,500 people from 936 victim organizations in 22 territories to form a victims’ network to advocate for victims’ needs and participation in the justice system.

•    In Liberia, UNDP has helped to increase women’s and girls’ awareness of and access to the justice system. Together with UNMIL and UN Women, we have been supporting a Women’s and Child Protection Unit in the police force for many years. In 2009, we supported the establishment of a specialized court  and of a crimes unit in the Ministry of Justice to investigate and prosecute sexual and gender-based crimes. These efforts have helped to tackle a culture of impunity for sexual and gender-based crimes, and to align institutions with international standards.

•    In Somalia, UNDP has supported measures to bridge the informal and formal justice systems. In a pilot scheme in Puntland, UNDP trained forty judges, prosecutors, and legal aid providers last year on how to incorporate aspects of informal justice mechanisms in the formal justice framework. UNDP also provided training to traditional elders on human rights, and on how to register cases in the formal justice system. 672 cases were heard and resolved by customary elders from October to December last year, including cases on family disputes, minor injuries, and land disagreements.

•    In Timor-Leste, UNDP supported the establishment of the Legal Training Centre to train judges, prosecutors, public defenders, and other justice officials, so that they could take over from international experts and specialists. Over the years, more than 150 people have been trained and certified. We commend Timor-Leste for its strong commitment to this work, and encourage the country to sustain and build on it.

•    In Tunisia, UNDP supported the Ministry of the Interior to lead a change in policing away from a repressive model to one centered on public service and respect for citizens’ rights. Together UNDP and the Ministry have established six community policing pilot programmes. UNDP also supported the creation of local security committees to bring together civil society, local authorities, and national police representatives to discuss security issues.

From our work in these countries and in other crisis-affected and fragile contexts, UNDP has drawn the following lessons:

•    placing people at the center of justice and security reforms and working towards the goals of national partners are crucial for successfully establishing the rule of law and access to justice;

•    guaranteeing victims’ participation in transitional justice from the design phase to implementation is vital for ensuring that amends are made for past abuses and for building the conditions for reconciliation;

•    building links between formal and informal justice systems widens access to justice; and

•    concrete national commitments backed by strong political will are vital for building trust between people and the state and upholding the rule of law.

Conclusion

UNDP looks forward to the next chapter of its rule of law work through its Global Programme for Strengthening the Rule of Law in Crisis-Affected and Fragile Situations. We will continue to focus our efforts strategically – by placing people’s needs at the center of our work, by strengthening institutions to promote and protect access to justice, and by working to create supportive environments for the rule of law. From years of experience we have learned that each of these components is vital, and that success is more likely if we work on them collaboratively with partners rather than in isolation. This helps ensure our programmes have the greatest impact, and helps lay the foundations for sustainable peace in fragile and conflict-affected contexts.

Africa Human Development Report 2016 | UNDP

Gender inequality is costing sub-Saharan Africa on average $US95 billion a year, peaking at US$105 billion in 2014– or six percent of the region’s GDP – jeopardising the continent’s efforts for inclusive human development and economic growth, according to the Africa Human Development Report 2016.

Source: Africa Human Development Report 2016 | UNDP

Advancing Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Africa

Gender inequality is costing sub-Saharan Africa on average $US95 billion a year, peaking at US$105 billion in 2014– or six percent of the region’s GDP – jeopardising the continent’s efforts for inclusive human development and economic growth, according to the Africa Human Development Report 2016.

 

The report analyses the political, economic and social drivers that hamper African women’s advancement and proposes policies and concrete actions to close the gender gap. These include addressing the contradiction between legal provisions and practice in gender laws; breaking down harmful social norms and transforming discriminatory institutional settings; and securing women’s economic, social and political participation.

 

Deeply-rooted structural obstacles such as unequal distribution of resources, power and wealth, combined with social institutions and norms that sustain inequality are holding African women, and the rest of the continent, back. The report estimates that a 1 percent increase in gender inequality reduces a country’s human development index by 0.75 percent.

Highlights

  • African women achieve only 87 percent of the human development outcomes of men
  • African women hold 66 percent of the all jobs in the non-agricultural informal sector and only make 70 cents for each dollar made by men
  • Only between 7 and 30 percent of all private firms have a female manager
  • Gender gap costs sub-Sahara Africa $US95 billion a year
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